The Effect of Pollination Models on Yield of Red Pitaya (Hylocereus polyrhizus)

Main Article Content

Renfiyeni Renfiyeni

Abstract

Red pitaya is getting more popular in Indonesia recently as one of high antioxidant sources with a promising economic value. However, the production of this CAM plant is restricted by low success percentage of its natural pollination and self incompatibility problems. Therefore, artificial pollination is required to overcome these problems and increase its yield. This study was aimed to evaluate the effect of pollination models towards the yield of red pitaya. This study was conducted using randomized block design with three pollination models applied into nine groups. Pollination models used were open pollination (P1), hand-self-pollination (P2) and hand-cross pollination (P3). Several floral-related parameters, including the elongation of flower bud, diameter of blooming flower, length of stigma, number and length of anthers, were assessed. Effect of different pollination models was also observed through some yield-related parameters, such as fruit weight, fruit diameter, fruit length, harvesting age and number of fruit sets. This study revealed that hand cross pollination produced the best yield performance showing 541.1 gram of fruit with 11.5 in length and 8.66 cm in diameter. Harvesting age and number of fruit sets showed no significant difference among those three pollination models.   


Keywords: Pollination, red pitaya, yields, fruits, flowers

Article Details

How to Cite
Renfiyeni, R. (2018, August 30). The Effect of Pollination Models on Yield of Red Pitaya (Hylocereus polyrhizus). JERAMI Indonesian Journal of Crop Sciences, 1(1), 19-24. Retrieved from http://jerami.faperta.unand.ac.id/index.php/Jerami-JIJCS/article/view/17
Section
Articles

References

Darjanto dan Satifah, S., 1990. Pengetahuan Dasar Biologi Bunga dan Teknik Penyerbukan Silang Buatan. PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama. Jakarta.
Departemen Pertanian, 2005. Pengembangan Agribisnis Buah Naga (Dragon Fruit) Indonesia dalam Mencapai Pasar Ekspor. http://www.bisnis.com. Accessed on 3rd April 2016.
Gunawan, L. W., 2002. Budidaya Anggrek. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta.
Guntara, I., 2007. Petani Deli Serdang Mulai Kembangkan Dragon Fruit. http://www.medanbisnisonline.com/rubrik.php?p=96877&more=1. Accessed on 3rd April 2016.
Kristanto, D., 2003. Buah Naga Pembudidayaan di Pot dan di Kebun. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta.
Lemke, C., 2007. Hylocereus undatus: Night-Blooming Cereus. Department of Botany and Microbiology, University of Oklahoma. [Dissertation].
Mahadianto, N., 2007. Budidaya Buah Naga (Dragon Fruit). http://agribisnis.deptan.go.id. Accessed on 3rd April 2016.
Merten, S. 2003. A Review of Hylocereus Production in USA. http://www.jpacd.org/V5P98-105.pdf. Accessed on 3rd April 2016.
Pudjogunarto, W. S., 2001. Studi Penyerbukan pada Dua Fase Pemasakan Bunga Betina dengan Campuran Tepung Sari-Tepung Tapioka terhadap Hasil Salak Lawu (Salaca edulis REINW). Jurnal Agrosains, 3 (1), pp 12-18.
Ruwaida, I. P., 2007. Keserasian Silang pada Tanaman Buah Naga (Hylocereus sp.). Accessed on 3rd April 2016.
Simatupang, L., 2007. Buah Naga Segar dan Nikmat. http://food_details.php. Accessed on 3rd April 2016.
Tjitrosoepomo, G., 2007. Morfologi Umum Buah Naga (Hylocereus polyrhizus). http://id.wikipedia.org. Accessed on 3rd April 2016.
Widiastuti, L., Tohari dan Sulistyaningsih, E., 2005. Pengaruh Intensitas Cahaya dan Kadar Dominsida terhadap Pembungaan dan Kualitas Tanaman Krisan dalam Pot. Jurnal Agrosains, 18 (3), pp 315-326.
Widiastuti, A dan Palupi, E. R., 2008. Viabilitas Serbuk sari dan Pengaruhnya terhadap Keberhasilan Pembentukan Buah Kelapa Sawit (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.). www. biotek.lipi.go.id/perpus/index.php?p=show. Accessed on 3rd April 2016.