Main Article Content
The quality improvement of ramie, including inner and outer aspects are required to be developed to optimalize its production. Unlike horticulture and food crops, ramie cultivation is not constrained by the soil type. This study was aimed to evaluate the agronomical characteristics of three ramie clones in ultisol land. This study was performed using descriptive analysis method with purposive sampling by collecting 10 clumps per clone. Clones of fiber ramie used were Ramindo 1, Bandung A and Lembang A. All clones were planted in ultisol soil located in 350 m above sea level from September 2015 until March 2016. The highest fiber production was achieved from Ramindo 1 followed by Bandung A and Lembang A. The resulted fiber from all clones was considered as quality class II fiber marked by the nominal value ranging from 400-450. Bandung A exhibited the best quality of fiber with nominal value of 450. In terms of its chemical composition, fiber produced by Lembang A contained the highest cellulose (74.7%) with the lowest lignin content (3.6%).
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Bruhlmann, F., Kim, K. S., Zimmerman, W. and Fiechter, A., 1994. Pectinolytic Enzimes from Actinomycetes for the Degumming of Ramie Bast Fiber. Applied and Environmental Microbes, 60 (6), pp. 2107-2112.
Buxton, A., and Greenhalgh, P., 1989. Ramie, Short Live Curiosity or Fibre. The Future Textile Outlook International. The Economist Intelligence Unit, 5, pp. 52-71.
Damayanti, N., 2014. Pengaruh Penambahan Berbagai Dosis Kompos Titonia terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Rami (Boehmeria nivea) di Tanah Ultisol. [Skripsi]. Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Andalas, Padang.
Haygreen J. G. and Bowyer, J. L., 1989. Forest Products and Wood Science: An Introduction. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.
Haroen, W. K. and Sugesty, S., 1997. Conservation of Natural Resources through Abaca and Ramie Utilization for Pulp Paper. Proceeding of the International Workshop on Minimalization of Pulp and Paper Waste, Jakarta.
Mayerni, R., 2006. Prospek dan Peluang Tanaman Nilam di Indonesia. Universitas Andalas Press, Padang.
Mohanty, A. K., Misra, M., Dzral, L. T., Selke, S. E., Harte, B. R. and Hinrichsen, 2005. Natural Fibers, Biopolymers and Biocomposites: An Introduction. In: Natural Fibers, Biopolymers, and Biocomposites. (Eds.) A. K. Mohanty, M. Misra and L. T. Dzral. CRC Press, USA.
Pandit, I. K. N. and Ramdhan, H., 2002. Anatomi Kayu: Pengantar Sifat Kayu sebagai Bahan Baku. Yayasan Penerbit Fakultas Kehutanan IPB, Bogor.
Sumantri, R. H. L., 1984. Haramay (Ramie): Planting, Maintenance and Usability. Haramay Development Project Team West Java, Bandung. 54 p.
Syafri, E., Kasim, A., Abral, H. and Asben, A., 2015. Effects of Chemical Treatment on Physical Properties, Cellulose Content and Strength of Natural Fibers. Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian.