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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is double-spaced; uses a 12-point Times New Roman; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed separately from the main text.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • Is your manuscript format matched with the template provided by this journal?

Author Guidelines

The manuscripts should be prepared according to the following rules before submission. Please read these instructions carefully and follow the guidelines strictly.

General Format The manuscript must be typed on A4 (210 x 297 mm) paper, single-spaced throughout, page margins at 2.5 cm, and 12 points (12 pt) Times New Roman font or Symbol font for mathematical symbols. Text should be justified fully with a line space left between paragraphs and sections as well as between section titles and text. Texts are not allowed to be underlined and specific names (i.e. Latin names or certain scientific terms which can not be translated into English) must be italized. All pages must be numbered consecutively by starting with the title page as page 1. The manuscripts must be written in clear and grammatically correct English (U.S.). The sentences in the manuscript must be arranged effectively and efficiently. Authors should avoid expressing ideas in a complicated sentence leading to ambiguity. The manuscripts should be prepared using Microsoft Word file formats (.doc or .docx). The documents proceed using another word processor should be saved as the format that are compatible to be opened in MS. Word. Other text file format, such as PDF is not acceptable. The distribution of manuscripts to the reviewers will be sent by email. The file size should not be more than 5 MB to avoid possible submission problems. Authors should pack the figures into web size to minimize the figures size. It is recommended to avoid using scanned figures and decide the use of color figures carefully. The use of colored figures is highly suggested only if the information or data need to be conveyed in a more distinguishable way. All abbreviations must be stated in a complete sentence in their first mention. The consistency of abbreviations should be ensured throughout the manuscript. The writing of chemical and biochemical nomenclature or abbreviations should follow the order of IUPAC - IUB. Metric measurement should be abbreviated according to the International System of Units (SI) units. Number one to ten should be stated with words, particularly if it is mentioned in the beginning of the sentence, except if it is followed by certain units.

Manuscript Structure should be arranged consecutively with the following sections: title, running title (heading), abstract, keywords (arranged alphabetically), introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion, conclusion, acknowledgements, conflict of interests, references, list of figures, and list of tables. The manuscript of review articles can be arranged without any sections needed, except acknowledgements, conflict of interests,references, list of figures, and list of tables. For short communication manuscript, it should be written in about 3,000 words.

Title of the manuscript should be stated as brief and informative as possible. The title should also clearly describe the species studied. The title is placed in the first page of the manuscript and written in the center of the page in 14 point headline style sentence (first letter of each main word is capitalized). The title should be written in English, preferably not more than 45 characters (including spaces). The title page should contain these following information consecutively: (i) title of the article; (ii) detailed information about authors; (iii) contact information of the corresponding authors; and (iv) running title. The author's full name should be written in a consecutive order according to the their position in the authorship. The names and locations of the author's affiliations should be provided, particularly the corresponding author who must write his/her full postal  and e-mail addresses. Running title should describe not more than five topical key words related to the article which is important for subject indexing purpose. 

Abstract should be written in one paragraph consisting of maximum 250 words and free of references. An abstract must be completely self-explanatory where the main aim of the research, results and conclusions should be stated briefly. The scope and main conclusions of the manuscript must be clearly stated. Keywords is five main words representing the objects, research theme, and particular methods which used. The keyword should be arranged alphabetically. 

Introduction should depict the essential backgrounds and main arguments about the case of the research. A context for the report from the previous works should be provided and a statement of the question being addressed must be clearly described.

Materials and methods should explain the principal details of the analysis used, including experimental design and statistical analysis. Protocols adopted from previous works, which are used as it is (without modification), do not have to be fully explained. If there are modifications carried, authors should state the details of modification briefly after cited the original protocol's sources.

Results should highlight the crucial findings of the research and its significance in the context of other previously published works. Results should be written in past tense and free from any discussion. It is recommended to provide a summary of the main conclusions in the end of this section.

Discussions should elaborate the justification of the results by comparing the results obtained from the manuscript and results from previous works. The discussion should not repeat or re-express the mentioned results in the form of sentences.

Conclusions should represent the implications of the findings resulted from the research and potential suggestions or ideas for the further work.

Acknowledgements should be written as brief as possible. All sources of contribution, including institutional, private and corporate financial support for the work must be fully acknowledged.

Conflicts of interest should be stated clearly. 

Tables, Figures, and Illustrations

The result data can be presented in the form of tables, figures, and illustration. All of these forms should consider the size and layout of the journal to avoid any possible problems due to oversized data. Each table and figure (illustration) should be separated in a different page of the manuscript with a brief and sufficiently detailed caption. Tables and figures should also bring the title of the subsections in the main text where they are mentioned. Tables and figures must be cited in the appropriate area in the text with the legend and numbered consecutively. Figures should be set in a general data format, such as JPEG, TIFF. Figures should be high resolution and suitable for reproduction purpose. Chart or graphic is suggested to be set as black and white images filled with distinguishable patterns. Colored figures are also acceptable if the authors consider that the information may lose without this color difference. All texts and legends in the figures and tables should be clearly readable. Title of a figure is placed below the figure, while title of a table is written above the table.

In-Text Citation

Reference cited in the text of manuscript must be written in "author-year" citation style. In case of its position in the beginning of the text, the published year must be placed in the parentheses. If the citation are in the end of the text, both author and year are placed in the parentheses.

Examples:  Johnson (2009) or (Johnson, 2009).

An article written by two authors should be cited by mentioning both author's name. However, for three and more authors composing an article, only the first author's name is mentioned then followed by "et al.,".

Examples:   (Arora and Friedrick, 2015) (article composed by two authors)

(Johnson et al., 2009) (article composed by more than two authors)

In citing more than one different literatures, the citation must be arranged from the oldest to the newest and separated by semicolon. If all these literatures  were published in the same year, the citation should be arranged alphabetically and separated by semicolon. If those literatures were published by the same author in the same year, the author's name should be followed by a lower case letter.  

Examples: (Johnson et al. 2009; Arora et al., 2015) (more than one different literatures cited for a statement)

(Johnson et al., 2009; Rughes and Demian, 2009) (more than one different literatures published in the same year)

(Johnson, 2008a, b) (more than one literatures published by the same author in the same year)  

Extent citation as shown with word "cit" is not allowed.

A reference containing unpublished data and personal communication should be cited in the text, but not to be listed in the reference list.

Examples:  (Arora M. D., 2015, pers. com.) (personal communication) (Johnson A., 2009, unpublished data) 

List of References

The list of references provides complete details of literatures that authors used in the manuscript. All references must be arranged in alphabetical order with consistent manner. The references should be written according to the standard format of each type of source as given in the examples below.

Journal article (print):

Partida-Martinez, L. P. P. and M. Heil, 2011. The Microbe-free Plant: Fact or Artifact?. Frontiers in Plant Sciences, 2 (1): 100-110. DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2011.00100.

Journal article (electronic):

Balint-Kurti, P., S. J. Simmons, J. E. Blum, C. L. Ballaré and A. E. Stapleton,  2010. Maize leaf epiphytic bacteria diversity patterns are genetically correlated with resistance to fungal pathogen infection. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interaction, 23 (5): 473-484.


Agrios, G. N. 2005. Plant Pathology. Volume 5. Elsevier Academic Press Burlington, MA.

Book (Chapter):

Antoun, H. and D. Prévost. 2005. Ecology of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria, pp: 1-38. In: PGPR: Biocontrol and Biofertilization. (Eds.) D. Prévost. Springer. 

Conference papers in proceeding:

Boonratkwang, C., C. Chamswarng, W. Intanoo and V. Juntharasri. 2007. Effect of Secondary Metabolites from Trichoderma harzianum strain PM9 on Growth Inhibition of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides and Chilli Anthracnose Control. Pp:  323-336. In: Proceeding of the 8th National Plant Protection Conference. Naresuan University, Phisanulok, Thailand

Thesis or dissertation:

Sugiyarto. 2004. Soil Macro-invertebrates Diversity and Inter-cropping Plants Productivity in Agroforestry System based on Sengon. [Dissertation]. Brawijaya University, Malang. [Indonesian]

Online document:

Mycobank. 2016. Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. [Accessed 08 Juni 2017].

Copyright Notice

    • Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
    • Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
    • Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work. 

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party. 

Author Fees

This journal charges the following author fees.

Article Submission: US$0.00 (USD). Authors are not required to pay an Article Submission Fee as part of the submission process to contribute to review costs.

Article Publication: US$100.00 (USD). If your manuscript is accepted for publication, you will be asked to pay an Article Publication Fee to cover publication cost.